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[Solved]: Is Post's Correspondence Problem decidable with fixed word size?

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Problem Detail: 

So, it's known that PCP is undecidable even when we fix the number of tiles to $n \geq 7$.

I'm wondering, can anything similar be said for when there is a fixed word length?

To be precise, here's the problem:

Given fixed $m$ and $n$, with $n \geq 7$, and words $u_1, \ldots u_n$ and $v_1 \ldots v_n$ such that $|u_i| \leq m$ and $|v_i| \leq m$, is there an index sequence $i_1, \ldots i_k$ such that $u_{i_1} \cdots u_{i_k} = v_{i_1} \cdots v_{i_k}$.

For what values of $m$, if any, is this known to be undecidable?

Note that this is similar to this question, but none of the 8 linked papers seemed by their titles to answer my question, and I haven't fully read all 8 of them yet.

Asked By : jmite

Answered By : Raphael

For all $m \geq 3$, the problem is undecidable.

Proof by reduction from the word problem of unrestricted grammars:

  1. Take an arbitrary formal grammar. W.l.o.g. all left and right sides of rules have length at most $3$.

    This can be seen by translating any grammar into an equivalent TM and then converting back.

  2. Map the resulting grammar to PCP instances; no tile is longer than the longest left or right side of a rule.

    That is, with step 1, all tiles have length $\geq 3$.

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Question Source : http://cs.stackexchange.com/questions/28787

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